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A limit https://www.mathimatikoi.org/forum/viewtopic.php?f=4&t=529 
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Author:  Tolaso J Kos [ Fri Apr 08, 2016 1:25 pm ] 
Post subject:  A limit 
Let $\xi \in (1, 1)$. Define a sequence $\{x_n\}_{n=1}^{\infty}$ as: $$x_{n+1}=\sqrt {\frac{1}{2} ( 1+x_n)}$$ Evaluate the limit $\mathscr{L}=\lim \limits_{n \rightarrow +\infty} \cos \left ( \frac{\sqrt{1\xi^2}}{\prod \limits_{k=1}^{n} x_k} \right )$.
Hidden Message Answer

Author:  dr.tasos [ Wed Jul 26, 2017 12:33 pm ] 
Post subject:  Re: A limit 
I think you need to give an initial value though. 
Author:  Grigorios Kostakos [ Sun Jul 30, 2017 7:22 pm ] 
Post subject:  Re: A limit 
dr.tasos wrote: I think you need to give an initial value though. It's not necessary! Obviously assuming that $x_1\stackrel{(*)}{>}1$, in any case the sequence $\{x_n\}_{n=1}^{\infty}$ is monotonic and bounded.$(*)$ If $x_1=1$, then the sequence is the zero sequence and the fraction $\frac{\sqrt{1\xi^2}}{\prod \limits_{k=1}^{n} x_k}$ has no meaning. 
Author:  Tolaso J Kos [ Wed Aug 09, 2017 2:48 pm ] 
Post subject:  Re: A limit 
Unfortunately, I do not remember where I had found this particular exercise and since I cannot recover the link this means I am unable to check for any particular typos that may have occured during typesetting. Whoops!! Mea Culpa! 
Author:  Grigorios Kostakos [ Wed Aug 09, 2017 3:16 pm ] 
Post subject:  Re: A limit 
Tolaso J Kos wrote: ...I am unable to check for any particular typos that may have occured during typesetting... The above note comes after an interchange of private messages. Let's make it more clear: There is some problem with limit $L$ : To be equal to $\xi$ (as been given), $\mathop{\lim}\limits_{n\to+\infty} \prod_{k=1}^{n} x_k$ must exists in $\mathbb{R}$ (otherwise, if $\mathop{\lim}\limits_{n\to+\infty} \prod_{k=1}^{n} x_k$ does not exists, then the limit in question does not exists also. If $\mathop{\lim}\limits_{n\to+\infty} \prod_{k=1}^{n} x_k=\infty$ then the limit in question equals to $1$). So let $\mathop{\lim}\limits_{n\to+\infty} \prod_{k=1}^{n} x_k=a$. Then \begin{align*} \mathop{\lim}\limits_{n\to+\infty} \cos \Big(\tfrac{\sqrt{1\xi^2}}{\prod_{k=1}^{n} x_k} \Big)&= \cos \Big(\mathop{\lim}\limits_{n\to+\infty}\tfrac{\sqrt{1\xi^2}}{\prod_{k=1}^{n} x_k} \Big)\\ &=\cos \Big(\tfrac{\sqrt{1\xi^2}}{\mathop{\lim}\limits_{n\to+\infty}\prod_{k=1}^{n} x_k} \Big)\\ &=\cos \Big(\tfrac{\sqrt{1\xi^2}}{α} \Big)=\xi\quad\Rightarrow\\ a&=\frac{\arccos\xi}{\sqrt{1\xi^2}}\,. \end{align*} Because the sequence $\{x_n\}$ is not related to $\xi$, the same must hold for the $\mathop{\lim}\limits_{n\to+\infty} \prod_{k=1}^{n} x_k$. Contradiction. So, must exists a typo somewhere in the exercise. 
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