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 Post subject: Zero function from an inequalityPosted: Sat Dec 12, 2015 11:02 pm

Joined: Sat Nov 07, 2015 6:12 pm
Posts: 841
Location: Larisa
Let $f:\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a differentiable function such that $\left|f'(x) \right| \leq \left| f(x) \right|, \; \forall x \in \mathbb{R}$ and $f(0)=0$. Prove that $f$ is the zero function.

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 Post subject: Re: Zero function from an inequalityPosted: Sun Jan 14, 2018 8:30 pm

Joined: Sat Nov 14, 2015 6:32 am
Posts: 159
Location: Melbourne, Australia
We note that

\begin{align*}
\left ( e^{-2x} f^2(x)\right ) ' &= 2e^{-2x}\left ( f(x)f'(x) - f^2(x) \right ) \\
&\leq 2e^{-2x}\left ( |f(x)f'(x)| - f^2(x) \right ) \\
&= 2e^{-2x}|f(x)|\left ( |f'(x)| - |f(x)| \right ) \\
&\leq 0
\end{align*}

hence the function $e^{-2x} f^2(x)$ is decreasing. Thus $e^{-2x} f^2(x) \leq f^2(0) =0$ and the result follows.

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