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On Zeros And Poles

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On Zeros And Poles
Let \( f \) be a meromorphic function on a (connected) Riemann Surface \( X \). Show that the zeros and the poles of \( f \) are isolated points.

 Community Team
 Articles: 0
 Posts: 314
 Joined: Tue Nov 10, 2015 8:25 pm
Re: On Zeros And Poles
Let \( X \) be a Riemann surface and let \( f \) be a meromorphic function on \( X \). Then \( f \) can be considered as a holomorphic map \( f \ \colon X \longrightarrow \hat{\mathbb{C}} \) which is not identically equal to \( \infty \). But for holomorphic maps between Riemann Surfaces the Identity Theorem holds.
Remark: Using the Identity Theorem we can also prove that the set of ramification points of a proper, nonconstant, holomorphic map between Riemann Surfaces consists only of isolated points.
 If the set of zeros of \( f \) contained a limit point, then, by the Identity Theorem, \( f \) should be equal to \( 0 \). But we have assumed that \( f \) is not constant.
 If the set of poles of \( f \) contained a limit point, then, by the Identity Theorem, \( f \) should be equal to \( \infty \). But we have excluded that case by definition of a meromorphic function.
Remark: Using the Identity Theorem we can also prove that the set of ramification points of a proper, nonconstant, holomorphic map between Riemann Surfaces consists only of isolated points.